READERS GUIDE“McCall Smith’s fans seem to hunger for the kindness, dignity and humor he celebrates in Mma Ramotswe, and this book will not disappoint them.”
The questions and discussion topics that follow are intended to enhance your group’s discussion of Alexander McCall Smith’s The Good Husband of Zebra Drive, the eighth installment in the acclaimed No. 1 Ladies’ Detective Agency series.
IntroductionAll is not going well for Mma Ramotswe at the No. 1 Ladies’ Detective Agency, nor for her husband Mr J.L.B. Matekoni at Tlokweng Road Speedy Motors, since the smooth running of their offices has been disrupted by restless assistants. Grace Makutsi has become engaged to Phuti Radiphuti, and has realized with awe that the ample money from his furniture business means that she will no longer need to work. Proud of her abilities, Grace also thinks perhaps she would just like a change. After all, a woman who earned ninety-seven percent at secretarial school cannot go on indefinitely as an assistant detective and the designated preparer of tea. So Grace leaves Mma Ramotswe to fend for herself at the agency. And while Mr Polopetsi can make the tea, Mma Ramotswe finds that without Mma Makutsi her office feels terribly bereft.
Meanwhile Charlie, the feckless, womanizing boy apprenticed to Mr J.L.B. Matekoni, has decided to go into business for himself as the sole proprietor of the No. 1 Ladies’ Taxi Service. But Charlie returns very soon, having crashed the refurbished Mercedes that Mr J.L.B. Matekoni had given him to begin the business. And Grace returns as well, realizing that she’ll never have another employer like Mma Ramotswe, who then promotes Grace to the rank of associate detective.
As always, the detective business provides some curious situations which must be resolved: at the hospital in Mochudi, three people have died in the intensive care ward on three separate Friday mornings around 10 AM, and all in the same bed. At a local printing company, someone has been stealing office supplies. And Mma Botumile, whom Mma Ramotswe has heard called “the rudest woman in the whole of Botswana,” has visited the agency to ask for help in finding the woman with whom her husband is having an affair. Mr J.L.B. Matekoni, who interviewed her at the time of her visit, has taken on her case. And in the course of doing so, he learns more about himself, and about his wife, than he might have expected.
As in all of the stories in this delightful series, many small troubles arise, having to do with people’s behavior towards each other, with hurt feelings, and with the difficulties—and rewards—of learning to behave gracefully and generously in life.
Questions and Topics for Discussion
1. In what ways does the early morning scene at the beginning of the novel, with Mma Ramotswe surveying the Botswana landscape from her garden, set the tone for what is to come [pp. 4-7]? Why is the landscape an important element in Mma Ramotswe’s consciousness?
2. Both Grace Makutsi and Mr J.L.B. Matekoni are restless in their current work. Why does it worry Mma Ramotswe that when she argues that all work is repetitive, her husband replies that he would like to “try something different,” and handle the case of the woman client he interviewed that morning [pp. 41-42]? Later we learn that J.L.B. Matekoni is worried about a rival for his wife, and asks himself, “How does a husband become more exciting?” [p. 81]. What elements of his character are revealed in the course of the story?
3. When Mr Polopetsi asks Mma Ramotswe to be his son’s godmother, she doesn’t hesitate to say yes. Yet she realizes that it will put her under various obligations to the boy. She thinks, “But we cannot always choose whose lives will become entangled with our own; these things happen to us, come to us uninvited” [p. 55]. What is the etiquette called for at a moment like this, and why?
4. When her husband first reports on interviewing Mma Botumile, Mma Ramotswe is impressed with his powers of observation [pp. 14-15]. What goes wrong with his investigation? How does the confusion about identity follow through in his mistake about Mma Ramotswe’s other man [p. 176]?
5. Mr J.L.B. Matekoni is amazed at the rudeness of Mma Botumile, and doesn’t understand why she behaves as she does. “In his experience bad behaviour came from those who were unsure of themselves, those who had some obscure point to make” [p. 83]. Is there any obvious reason why this woman is so rude, particularly since she lives in Botswana, “a polite country” [p. 83]?
6. Grace is humiliated by her former classmate, Violet Sephotho, when she goes to an employment agency to seek a new job [p. 102]. How is this encounter similar to Mr J.L.B. Matekoni’s meetings with Mma Botumile? What is the effect, on Grace, of being treated so rudely? How does this meeting change her feelings about Mma Ramotswe and the job she has left?
7. What is the nature of the conflict between Grace Makutsi and Charlie, the apprentice [pp. 59-64]? What change does Grace have to undergo in order to behave more kindly toward Charlie? Is there any particular reason she has been able to make this change in herself?
8. Mma Makutsi sometimes has trouble controlling herself when it comes to saying what is on her mind. How does this characteristic create trouble for her, and how does it create comedy in the novel?
9. Thinking about the small-time thievery going on at Teenie Magama’s printing business, Mma Makutsi realizes that some people “were governed by some impulse within them that stopped them from feeling and understanding” how their actions affected others [pp. 113-14]. How does Mma Makutsi suggest the thief be dealt with, and how does this experiment in human behavior work out?
10. “Disputes, even between nations, between peoples, can be set to rest with simple acts of contrition and corresponding forgiveness, can so often be shown to be based on nothing much other than pride and misunderstanding, and the forgetting of the humanity of the other-and land, of course” [p. 127]. To whom do you attribute this speech? Is there a recognizable narrative voice in the novel, and is this speech the product of the narrator’s consciousness?
11. Is it likely that Charlie’s accident with the Mercedes will have an effect on his habitual irresponsibility [p. 154]? How does Mr J.L.B. Matekoni behave when Charlie returns, humiliated, to resume his apprenticeship [p. 191]?
12. The title of the novel focuses on “the good husband” Mr J.L.B. Matekoni, who, we learn, suffers from depression and has been treated with medication [p. 177]. Depressives, he has been told by Dr Moffat, sometimes suffer from delusional thinking, and he finds himself wondering if Mma Ramotswe would betray him with another man. Does this story develop the character of Mr J.L.B. Matekoni in ways we haven’t seen before? If so, how?
13. How does Mma Ramotswe deal with the discovery of who is responsible for the mysterious deaths of three patients in the intensive care ward? Why, when she breaks the news to Tati Monyena, does she offer to say grace [p. 207]? How would you describe the quality of Mma Ramotswe’s spirituality, and how does it inform her treatment of others?
14. Detective stories usually have complex plots and eventually provide a solution to a mystery. McCall Smith’s books, however, are not so much based on plot as on human interaction and on the fact that misunderstandings and errors are the stuff of daily life. How does Mma Ramotswe’s approach to the detective’s profession differ from that in other detective novels?
15. Book reviewers and fans all agree that the novels in the No. 1 Ladies’ Detective Agency series give a great deal of reading pleasure. Does this pleasure mask their moral seriousness, or is their moral seriousness part of what makes them pleasurable?
16. A typographic design, repeating the word Africa, follows the novel’s final sentence. How does this affect your reading of the ending, and what emotions does it express?
17. No less than those of Jane Austen, the novels of Alexander McCall Smith are studies in the comedy of manners—stories based on a close observation of the foibles of human behavior and interaction. Think about how Emma’s behavior is cruel and mocking toward Miss Bates, and Mr. Darcy’s is condescending and rude toward Eliza Bennet at the dance. What might Mma Ramotswe have said about these situations?