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A Guide to Jewish Prayer by Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz

A Guide to Jewish Prayer

A Guide to Jewish Prayer by Rabbi Adin Steinsaltz
Paperback
Mar 05, 2002 | 468 Pages
  • Paperback $16.95

    Mar 05, 2002 | 468 Pages

Product Details

Praise

“A practical explanation of Jewish worship from a spiritual slant.”
—Detroit Free Press

“Readers familiar with Rabbi Steinsaltz’s high level of descriptive prose, which appeals to people with varying levels of Jewish knowledge, will find this volume similarly of great interest.”
The Jewish Week

Table Of Contents

Introduction  /  xvii
 
PART ONE • Prayer
 
CHAPER 1. The Prayer Book  /  3
 
CHAPTER 2. The Essence of Prayer  /  8
 
CHAPTER 3. Individual and Communal Prayer   /  14
The Nature of Communal Prayer  /  15
The Communality of Prayer  /  18
Individuality of Prayer  /  19
The Meaning of Communal Prayer  /  22
Individual Prayer Within Communal Prayer  /  24
  
CHAPTER 4. Men and Women  /  26
The Commandment to Pray Applies to All  /  26
Differences in the Concept of Prayer  /  26
Historical Causes  /  28
 Women’s Prayer Texts  /  30
The Women’s Gallery (Ezrat Nashim)  /  31
 
CHAPTER 5. Kavvanah  /  34
The Importance of Kavvanah  /  34
Levels of Kavvanah  /  35
Kavvanah and the Regularity of Prayer  /  38
Achieving Kavvanah  /  40
 
PART TWO • History
 
CHAPTER 6. The History of the Siddur  /  47
The Creation of Standard Prayer Texts  /  48
Prayer in Mishnaic and Talmudic Times  /  51
Liturgical Poets and Devotional Poetry (Piyyut)  /  53
Suddurim and Mahzorim  /  57
The Influence of the Kabbalah  /  58
Recent Generations  /  61
 
CHAPTER 7. Prayer Rites  /  62
Antiquity of the Prayer Rites  /  63
Justification for the Different Prayer Rites  /  64
Prayer Rites Today  /  66
        Nusaḥ Ashkenaz—The Ashkenazic Rite  /  66
        Nusaḥ Sepharad—The Sephardic (Hasidic) Rite  /  69
        The Oriental (Sephardic) Rite  /  71
        The Yemenite Rite  /  73
        The Italian Rite  /  75
Extinct Prayer Rites  /  77
 
PART THREE • The Order of Prayer Services
 
CHAPTER 8. Weekday Prayer Services  /  83
Prayer and the Life Cycle  /  83
The Daily Prayers  /  84
        Tikkun Ḥazot  /  84
        The Sharḥarit Service  /  86
        The Minḥah Prayer  /  96
        The Ma’ariv (Arvit) Prayer Service  /  98
        Shema Upon Retiring to Bed  /  101
 
CHAPTER 9. Shabbat  /  104
The Order of the Shabbat Day  /  105
Shabbat Prayer Services  /  107
         The Friday Minḥah Prayer  /  107
         Kabbalat Shabbat—The Reception of Shabbat  /  107
         The Shabbat Ma’ariv Service  /  110
         The Shaḥarit Service  /  112
         Torah Reading  /  114
         The Musaf Service  /  115
         The Minḥah Service  /  116
         The Ma’ariv Service on Motza’ei Shabbat (“The Conclusion of Shabbat”)  /  118
The Departure of Shabbat  /  119
         The Havdalah Ceremony  /  120
         After the Havdalah  /  123
Shabbat Meals  /  124
         The Kiddush of Shabbat Eve, and the First Shabbat Meal  /  126
         Preparations for the Kiddush  /  127
         Some of the Laws and Customs of the Kiddush  /  128
         The Second and Third Shabbat Meals  /  130
         Study on Shabbat Afternoon  /  131
         Melaveh Malkah  /  132
Special Sabbaths  /  133
        Shabbat Mervarkhim  /  133
        Shabbat Rosh Ḥodesh  /  134
        Shabbat That Falls on Festival Days  /  136
        Shabbat Ḥol ha-Mo’ed  /  137
        Shabbat of Ḥanukkah  /  139
        Shabbat Rosh Ḥodesh on Ḥanukkah  /  140
        The Arba Parshiyyot (“Four Portions”)  /  140
        Shabbat on Days When Taḥanun Is Not Recited  /  142
        Shabbat ha-Gadol  /  142
        Shabbat Teshuvah (Shuvah)  /  143
        The Sabbaths of Evil Dispensation  /  144
        The Sabbaths of Comfort  /  144
        Other Sabbaths  /  145
 
CHAPTER 10. Festivals  /  146
Festival Days  /  146
The Three Pilgrimage Festivals  /  147
The Second Days in the Diaspora  /  148
Festival Prayers in General  /  150
        The Ma’ariv Service  /  150
        The Shaḥarit Service  /  153
        Torah Readings  /  153
        The Musaf Service  /  154
        The Minḥah Service  /  155
        Conclusion of the Festival  /  156
The Pesaḥ Festival  /  156
        The Beginning of the Pesaḥ Festival  /  156
        The Pesaḥ Seder  /  157
        The Shaḥarit Service  /  161
        The Musaf Service  /  162
        The Minḥah and the Ma’ariv Services  /  162
        The Second Day of Pesaḥ (in the Diaspora)  /  162
        The Seventh Day of Pesaḥ  /  163
        The Last Day of Pesaḥ (in the Diaspora)  /  164
The Shavu’ot Festival  /  165
        Shavu’ot Prayer Services  /  166
        The Second Day of Shavu’ot (in the Diaspora)  /  168
The Sukkot Festival  /  168
        Sukkot Prayer Services  /  170
        The Second Day of Sukkot (in the Diaspora)  /  171
        Shemini Atzeret and Simḥat Torah  /  172
        Shemini Atzeret (in the Diaspora)  /  173
        Simḥat Torah  /  174
 
CHAPTER 11. Days of Awe  /  177
Rosh ha-Shanah—The New Year Festival  /  178
        The Minḥah Service on Rosh ha-Shanah Eve  /  180
        The Ma’ariv Service  /  180
        Kiddush and the Festive Meal  /  182
        The Shaḥarit Service  /  183
        Torah Readings  /  184
        Teki’ot—The Blowing of the Shofar  /  185
        The Musaf Service  /  188
        The Minḥah Service  /  192
        Tashlikh  /  192
        The Second Day of Rosh ha-Shanah  /  192
        Prayer Services on the Second Day of Rosh ha-Shanah  /  194
Yom Kippur—The Day of Atonement  /  195
        Yom Kippur Eve  /  197
        Kol Nidrei  /  198
        The Ma’ariv Service  /  201
        The Shaḥarit Service  /  203
        Torah Readings  /  204
        The Musaf Service  /  205
        The Minḥah Service  /  207
        The Ne’ilah Service  /  208
        Conclusion of the Festival  /  211
 
CHAPTER 12. Special Days  /  213
Rosh Ḥodesh—The New Moon  /  213
Ḥol ha-Mo’ed—The Intermediate Days of a Festival  /  217
        Ḥol ha-Mo’ed of Pesaḥ  /  219
        Ḥol ha-Mo’ed of Sukkot  /  220
        Ḥosha’na Rabbah  /  221
        Shabbat Ḥol ha-Mo’ed  /  222
Hanukkah  /  222
        Rosh Ḥodesh During Hanukkah  /  225
Purim  /  225
         Shushan Purim  /  227
Fast Days  /  229
         The Ninth of Av (Tish’ah be-Av)  /  229
         Memorial Fast Days  /  233
         The Twentieth of Sivan—A Fast Day of Remembrance  /  236
         Fast Days for Repentance and Atonement  /  237
         Other Fixed Fast Days  /  239
         Nonfixed Fast Day  /  240
Special Time Perios  /  243
         The Ten Days of Repentance  /  243
         The Month of Nisan  /  244
         The Counting of the Omer  /  244
         The Three Weeks (Bein ha-Meitzarim)  /  245
         The Month of Elul  /  245
Days of Joy  /  246
         Local Purims  /  247
         Lag ba-Omier—The Thirty-third Day of the Omer Period  /  247
         The Day of Independence and Jerusalem Day  /  248
         Other Days When Taḥanun Is Not Recited  /  249
 
CHAPTER 13. Torah Readings  /  253
The Cycle of Torah Readings  /  254
Taking the Torah Scrolls Out of the Ark  /  256
The Order of Calling Up to the Torah  /  258
Blessings for the Torah  /  260
Torah-Reading Customs  /  263
Hagbahah (“Raising”) and Gelilah (“Winding”) of the Torah Scroll  /  265
Returning the Torah Scrools to the Ark  /  267
The People Called Up to the Torah Reading  /  268
The Torah Scroll  /  270
Wrappings and Decorations of the Torah Scroll  /  274
The Pointer (Yad)  /  276
Cantillation of the Torah Reading (Ta’amei he-Mikra)  /  277
         Emperor Accents  /  279
         King Accents  /  279
         Minister Accents  /  280
 
PART FOUR • The Synagogue and Communal Prayer  
 
CHAPTER 14. The Synagogue  /  285
Ancient Origins of the Synagogue  /  285
Ancient Synagogues  /  286
Synagogues Outside the City  /  287
The Structure of the Synagogue  /  288
The Women’s Gallery  /  290
Orientation  /  290
Synagogue Accessories  /  292
         The Holy Ark  /  292
         The Bimah  /  292
         Ner Tamid—The Eternal Light  /  293
         The Prayers Lectern  /  293
         Candles and Lamps  /  294
         The Basin  /  294
         Seating  /  295
         Additional Accessories   /  295
Synagogue Architecture  /  297
         Ornamentation  /  298
         Small Synagogues  /  300
         Minyanim  /  301
         The Shtibel  /  302
Synagogue Laws  /  303
The Synagogue and the Beit Midrash (“House of Study”)  /  305
Official Functions and Appointments  /  306
         Head of the Synagogue (Rosh ha-Knesset)  /  306
         Parnas  /  307
         Gabbai  /  308
         Ḥazzan—Cantor  /  309
         Shammash  /  309
         Ba’al Keriah—Torah Reader  /  310
         Meturgeman—Interpreter  /  311
         The Ten Batlanim  /  312
         Rabbi  /  312
Other Use of the Synagogue  /  313
         Talmud Torah—Torah Study School for Children  /  214
         Communal Meetings  /  315
         Weddings and Circumcision Ceremonies  /  316
         Beit Din—Religious Court  /  316
         Guest House  /  317
 
CHAPTER 15. The Shaliaḥ Tzibbur  /  318
The Role of the Shaliaḥ Tzibbur and Its Origins  /  318
The Ḥazzan  /  319
The Shaliaḥ Tzibbur as Emissary to God  /  321
Various Demands on the Shaliaḥ Tzibbur  /  324
The Choir  /  325
Ḥazzan versus Ba’al Tefillah  /  328
The Kavvanah of the Shaliaḥ Tzibbur  /  329
  
CHAPTER 16. Prayer Accessories  /  332
Prayer Garments  /  332
Head Coverings  /  333
The Tallit  /  336
         When and by Whom the Tallit Is to Be Worn  /  337
         Significance of the Tallit and Its Blessing  /  339
         The Tzitzit  /  341
         Laws and Customs of the Tzitzit  /  342
         Making the Tzitzit  /  344
         Making the Tallit  /  346
         The Tallit Band (Atarah)  /  347
         The Tallit Bag  /  348
         The Blue Thread (Tekhelet)  /  348
Tefillin  /  349
         Making the Tefillin  /  351
         The Content of the Commandment of Tefillin  /  354
         The Manner of Donning Tefillin  /  358
         Blessings and Recitations  /  361
         Tefillin of Rabbenu Tam  /  363
         Some Laws and Customs of Tefillin  /  363
The Prayer Sash  /  365
Hand-Held Objects  /  366
         The Siddur  /  367
         The Arba’ah Minim (“Four Species”)  /  368
 
CHAPTER 17. The Music of Prayer  /  370
         Music and Prayer  /  370
         Music in the Temple  /  370
         The Loss of Ancient Music  /  372
         Evolution of Prayer Music  /  373
         Melodies of Oriental Congregations  /  374
         Ashkenazic Cantorial Music  /  376
         New Melodies  /  378
         Styles of Prayer Music  /  381
         Musical Expression in Prayer  /  382
 
Appendices  
 
Glossary of Terms  /  387
 
Biographies  /  410
 
Bibliographical Notes  /  415
 
The Jewish Months and the Festivals and Special Days That Occur in Each of Them  /  419
 
Index  /  420

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