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The Affirmative Action Puzzle

Best Seller
The Affirmative Action Puzzle by Melvin I. Urofsky
Hardcover $35.00
Jan 28, 2020 | ISBN 9781101870877

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“Comprehensive . . . Urofsky deploys his legal expertise to great effect . . . meticulously researched, honestly crafted.”
—Orlando Patterson, The New York Times

“By the accumulation of sixty years’ worth of evidence, [The Affirmative Action Puzzle] allows us to reach some useful conclusions, and the most important of these is that affirmative action worked.”
—Louis Menand, The New Yorker
“Urofsky leads us to consider how law should best combat the legacies of racism, sexism, and ableism in order to open doors of opportunity to previously excluded groups. A thought-provoking read.”
Library Journal
“Comprehensive . . . A must-read for anyone interested in the history of affirmative action and its associated legal conundrums.”
“A magnificent book! The definitive history of affirmative action in the United States. A balanced approach to one of the most controversial legal and social issues, written in a clear, accessible, engaging manner. A ‘must read’ for all interested in the ongoing debate about affirmative action.”
—Erwin Chemerinsky, Dean; Jesse H. Choper Distinguished Professor of Law, University of California, Berkeley School of Law

Table Of Contents

Introduction ix
1. Affirmative Action Before Kennedy 3
2. Kennedy and Johnson 31
3. Affirmative Action Spreads—and Mutates 57
4. Nixon and the Philadelphia Plan 81
5. Prejudice Persists, Affirmative Action Grows 103
6. Marco DeFunis, Allan Bakke, and Brian Weber 130
7. Changing Academia 157
8. Backlash and Defense 180
9. Blacks and Jews Divide 205
10. Women and Affirmative Action 227
11. The Reagan Presidency 245
12. The Court Changes Its Mind 272
13. Mend It, Don’t End It—or Not 298
14. Prop 209 313
15. Affirmative Action and Elections 328
16. Seeking Diversity in Higher Education 346
17. Women and Affirmative Action II 375
18. Other Groups, Here and Abroad 393
19. Bush, Obama, and Fisher 412
20. Yes . . . and No . . . and Trump 436
Acknowledgments 471
Notes 473
Index 545

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