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Feb 02, 2016
| ISBN 9781559394550
Sep 13, 2016
| ISBN 9781559397513
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Feb 02, 2016 | ISBN 9781559394550
Sep 13, 2016 | ISBN 9781559397513
An extensive presentation of Svatantrika Madhyamika that analyzes issues and positions central to Indian philosophy during the final development of Buddhist thought in India.Written by one of the leading scholars and presenters of Buddhism in both academia and popular culture, A Study of Svatantrika presents one of the most influential philosophical schools of Indian and Tibetan Buddhism, sometimes called the Autonomous School. For historical reasons, this school’s voice was muted, but its impact on the articulation of Buddhist views throughout the Buddhist world of South and Central Asia cannot be overestimated.
A Study of Svātantrika represents an important contribution to our understanding of Mādhyamika philosophy in India and Tibet. The Mādhyamika is considered to have two subschools, Svātantrika and Prāsaṅgika. The Prāsaṅgika school of Candrakīrti is better known than Svātantrika, in part because the major Svātantrika texts are preserved only in Tibetan translation. The Svātantrikas, however, made important contributions to Buddhist philosophy in their expositions of the nature of reality, the role of reasoning in the process of enlightenment, and in their delineations of the paths to nirvana. The synthesis of Yogācāra and Mādhyamika philosophy by the Svātantrika master Śāntarakṣita represents the final development of Buddhist thought in India. In Tibet, Svātantrika was the first Indian Buddhist school to gain currency, prior to the translation of the works of Candrakīrti into Tibetan.In preparing this Study of Svātantrika, Donald S. Lopez, Jr. consulted the major Indian works of the Svātantrikas, figures central to the development of Buddhist thought in India such as Bhāvaviveka, Jñānagarbha, Śāntarakṣita, and Kamalaśīla, and analyzed a number of Tibetan expositions of Svātantrika. The result is the most extensive examination of this influential school available in the West.
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